Category Archives: Treatments

I had a kidney tumor removed (partial nephrectomy) – was clear cell renal carcinoma limited to the kidney – grade 1 (2.4cm) but stage 4 (WHO/ISUP 4) with clean margins. Pathology said it had sarcomatoid differentiation (95% sarcomatoid element) and extensive necrosis, extreme nuclear pleomorphism, multinucleate giant cells and /or rhabdoid sarcomatoid differentiation. Adrenal gland not identified and regional lymph noded pnx (could not be assessed. Pt1a grade. 5 questions: 1. Because it was grade 4 my doctor is recommending full removal of the kidney in 6 weeks. Is that the recommended course of action – is it likely that recurrence would be at that kidney again and removal lessens my chance of recurrence? 2. Should I have a PET scan, brain scan, bone scan, etc now since it was grade 4? They are saying just a chest CT is required now? 3. Is my likelihood of recurrence or distant metastes high because it was grade 4 even though it was very small stage 1a? Lots of conflicting information? 4. If the tumor was removed am I considered disease free and now just need aggressive regular surveillance? 5. How would I know if there was microvascular invasion and is the necrosis and sarcomatoid indicators of a recurrance? I’m quite scared so thank you so much for answering my questions!

The questions that you ask are surgical questions and must be asked of a urologist.  I am a nephrologist and do not have any surgical expertise in regards to kidney cancers.  If you have concerns about the opinions of your … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Chronic Kidney Disease, Kidney Cancer, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Nephrectomy / One kidney, Treatments, Urological Issues

Dear Dr. Spry, I am 31 years old. I am a man. I have glomerulonephritis and FSGS for 7 years. Now I take my medicine (Neoral sandimmun 4*25, Prednol 4mg/ day, Olmetec 20mg/day, Drisentin1*1) regularly but last 6 months I had problem with edema around my ankle. Besides edema I have muscle weakness and tiredness. I can’t move as I want to do. I am doing sport but It effects me very much. I can not go on long. I want to ask you how long I should take this kind of treatment? Is there any other treatments for this disease? I am desperate about my future.

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a very difficult disease to treat.  In many cases, the disease is not cured but rather controlled.  If you have concerns about your treatment, this should be discussed with your nephrologist.  I am unable to … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Chronic Kidney Disease, FSGS, Glomerulonephritis, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Laboratory Testing, Medication and Kidney Function, Nephrologist, Treatments

I am a 51 yr. old woman. They say I have stage 5 kidney disease. I urinate 1,300 to 1,500no per day. When I started dialysis, I felt better, but now I feel very sick. I’ll get on the machine, blood pressure is at 137/75. An hour or two in, my blood pressure is 179/92. They prescribed more high blood pressure meds. I would always feel like I was on fire inside my body. Legs cramping while sleeping,(Charlie horse), blurred vision, dried mouth, numbness in legs, hand stiffness and when I urinate it hurts. Now I have crackling when I breath. I feel bloated. Muscle pain. Joint pain. Weakness. I tell my team but they say I’m not getting enough dialysis and prescribe more meds. I think they forget that I still urinate normally. Someone has to take under consideration that I still urinate. Please help me. I feel like I’m dying. They said I was suppose to feel better but I am worse. I think we need to reevaluate my situation.

I am unable to make a specific diagnosis based on the information that you provide. I do agree with you, that you need to be re-evaluated.  I suggest that you ask to meet with your nephrologist and you may have … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Dialysis, Kidney Failure, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Medication and Kidney Function, Nephrologist, Symptoms and Side Effects, Treatments

I just received my MRI results for my lower back. Included in the report a notation about cortical cysts on right kidney. I have had fatigue, raised blood pressure, currently on medication for diabetes and other related symptoms to PKD. I am the daughter of a positive hep c paternal father who infected my mother and carried to fetus. I have never been tested. I have had two surgeries to remove bladder cysts, they were benign but I was still given an interferon wash internally. In a previous sonogram I learned that I had an enlarged liver. Dr. did not seem alarmed at that time. I do not know where to begin first. I am very scared and lost.

I am unable to provide a specific diagnosis based on the information that you provide.  I suggest that you contact your primary care physician (PCP).  When there are a number of issues to deal with, I find it best to … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Chronic Kidney Disease, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Polycystic Kidney Disease, Diabetes, Laboratory Testing, Treatments

Hello Doctor, My query is for my Mom. She is around 55 yrs of age, having diabetes and BP. Recently we took CT scan, and we came to know that she is having kidney stone in her left side. The report says “39×28 mm sized large branching calculus is seen in left renal pelvis, extending into lower calyx. Upper and middle calyxes are dilated and clubbed.” My query is what type of treatment required to remove it? Is it possible to remove the stone using “Lithotripsy”? Pls comment on it. She is diabetic but due to a controlled diet she is having 128 value after 2 hrs of breakfast. Though sugar is under control, would like to avoid going to surgery or Tunnel Surgery (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy). Advance thanks for your reply.

The question that you ask is a urological question.  I am a nephrologist and have no expertise in regards to the surgical treatment of kidney stone disease.  I suggest that you consult with a urologist, who is a surgeon. For … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Chronic Kidney Disease, Diabetes, Kidney Stones, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Laboratory Testing, Nephrologist, Treatments, Urological Issues

My husband has been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease in Dec 2016. He has been afib since 1992. When they diagnosed CHF, they added Oasis 40 2x daily along with his warfarin and lowered his digoxin too 125 mcg. He is restricted to 40 oz of fluids daily. How does this affect his kidneys?

I am not familiar with the drug “Oasis”.  Patients with heart disease also commonly have chronic kidney disease (CKD).  The doses of his medications will need to be adjusted for his kidney function and he will have to be monitored … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Chronic Kidney Disease, Diet/Nutrition, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Laboratory Testing, Treatments

My father-in-law was diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia, urolithiasis, chronic kidney disease secondary to obstructive uropathy. He has been experiencing recurrent UTI, and keep complaining of pain at hypogastric area. He became drug dependent to Tramadol that leads him to hallucination and delerium. His bladder cannot hold lots of urine due to bladder inflammation. We already did what the doctors says but still no improvement. The problem still the same and my father is still suffering from his condition. Please help us and give us recommendation.

The problem that you describe is a urological condition.  I am a nephrologist.  I have no expertise in diseases of the bladder and urinary tract.  I suggest that you discuss this with a urologist. For more information on Uti’s click here:

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Blood/Urine Testing For Kidney Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Laboratory Testing, Treatments, Urinary Tract Infection/Pyelonephritis, Urological Issues

Hi Doctor, My partner was diagnosed 5 years ago, at the age of 26, with a rare Kidney disease called mesangial capillary glomerulonephritis. He has been on steroid treatment and also cholesterol, blood pressure and other pills. He has suffered with many side effects including depression, mood swings, frequency of urination, dizziness, blurred vision and most recently the beginnings of osteoporosis. I have heard of Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy and read about some studies on www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov and it seems very effective in treating patients with IgA nephropathy. I was wondering if you think this might work for my partner too? and whether it could be used in conjunction with his current medications? My second question is how likely do you think it would be for us to pass this disease down to a child? Thank you for any help you might give us… I worry about our future family and hope that someone will find a cure soon.

Mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (MCGN) is an uncommon kidney disease.  There are many different forms of MCGN that have been described.  Chinese medical osmotherapy is of no benefit in any kidney disease that I am aware. I cannot comment on whether you … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Blood/Urine Testing For Kidney Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, Glomerulonephritis, Hypertension/High Blood Pressure, IgA Nephropathy/IgA Dominant Glomerulonephritis, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Laboratory Testing, Medication and Kidney Disease, Nephrologist, Pregnancy / Kids, Symptoms and Side Effects, Treatments

Are blood clots, heart attacks, and strokes common side effects of dialysis?

Cardiovascular disease including stroke and heart disease are the most common cause of death in dialysis patients.  I would not call cardiovascular disease a complication of dialysis but rather patients who have kidney disease and are also on dialysis, have … Continue reading

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Dialysis, Kidney Failure, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Symptoms and Side Effects, Treatments

I am CKD Stage 4. I have high hypertension. I have toxin coming out in my pores as I itch all the time. The metallic taste is horrible. I have chosen to do peritoneal. I don’t heal very well. So I’m begging my nephrologist to please have that installed. She just ignored me. My gorgeous is 22 and creatinine is 1.8. I stay sick all the time. My MD says she needs to get on the ball. Please any insight. Also other is 208 liver enzymes falling.

Your symptoms are consistent with kidney disease and you may benefit from dialysis.  I suggest that you visit with your nephrologist about whether you could benefit from starting dialysis treatments. For more information on dialysis click here:  

Posted in Ask the Doctor, Dialysis, Kidney Failure, Kidney-Related Health Questions, Laboratory Testing, Medication and Kidney Disease, Nephrologist, Symptoms and Side Effects, Treatments